This is an introductory course for translators and interpreters covering a variety of registers: commercial, journalistic, legal, literary, medical, and technical. Students learn to apply text analysis, text typology, and contrastive analysis of their working languages to identify, analyze, and resolve translation/interpretation problems while independently developing an efficient and rational approach to the process of translation or interpretation. In addition, course assignments include practice and graded exercises in translation and sight translation, utilizing authentic texts drawn from an extensive variety of text categories that include, but are not limited to, current events, general political economy, general legal documents, and scientific and technical topics for general audiences. Language Specific. Prerequisites: GS 4300 Theory & Practice of Translation and Interpretation.